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06 декабря 2018, 01:10

First Baby Born Via Uterus Transplant From Deceased Donor


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Girls support girls. But support only goes so far for those in need of a uterus transplant: Donations are generally limited to women with family or friends willing to part with their womb.

A new technique, however, may help increase availability and give more people the option of pregnancy.

The first baby has been born following a uterus transplantation from a deceased donor, according to a study published in The Lancet medical journal.

In September 2016, a 32-year-old woman with congenital uterine absence (Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser [MRKH] syndrome) underwent transplantation in Brazil. Her 45-year-old donor, who died of subarachnoid hemorrhage, had three previous vaginal deliveries.

The recipient—let’s call her Jane Doe—got pregnant seven months after the operation. She delivered Baby Doe via cesarean section on Dec. 15, 2017; the transplanted uterus was removed during the operation, and showed no anomalies.

Now, nearly a year later, Mom and Baby (a girl!) continue to develop normally.

Uterus transplants date back to 1931. But it wasn’t until 2014 that, for the first time, a healthy baby was born to a transplant recipient in Sweden. In total, there have been 39 procedures of this kind, resulting in 11 livebirths so far, The Lancet reported.

“The use of deceased donors could greatly broaden access to this treatment, and our results provide proof-of-concept for a new option for women with uterine infertility,” according to lead researcher Dani Ejzenberg, from the Hospital das Clínicas of the Medical School of the University of São Paulo.

Infertility affects 10 to 15 percent of couples of reproductive age. Among them, one in 500 women have a diseased uterus, or were simply born without one. Before the advent of uterus transplants, their only available child-rearing options were surrogacy or adoption.

“The first uterus transplants from live donors were a medical milestone, creating the possibility of childbirth for many infertile women with access to suitable donors and the needed medical facilities,” Ejzenberg said. “However, the need for a live donor is a major limitation as donors are rare, typically being willing and eligible family members or close friends.

“The numbers of people willing and committed to donate organs upon their own deaths are far larger than those of live donors, offering a much wider potential donor population,” he added.

Deceased benefactors offer other benefits, as well, including removing surgical risks for a live donor.

Jane Doe and her partner received monthly psychological counselling before, during, and after the transplant.

More coverage on Geek.com:

Source: https://www.geek.com/news/first-baby-born-via-uterus-transplant-from-deceased-donor-1764236/?source